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Dr. Andrew Rynne
Dr. Andrew Rynne

Family Physician

Exp 50 years

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Article Home Skin Disorders Genital herpes: Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Genital herpes: Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Genital herpes presents are recurrent, painful blisters over the genital region and the anal region. It is transmitted from one person to another person from skin to skin contact.


Signs and symptoms

  • The common sites of these rashes or blisters in men are anal region, inner thighs, scrotum and shaft and head of the penis.

  • In women it is commonly seen in the cervix, anal region, inner thighs, labia, and vagina.

  • Mouth is the common site in both the genders.

Local symptoms:

  • Small, painful blisters filled with clear or straw colored fluid over the genitals, rectum

  • Blisters break to leave the shallow ulcers which are painful.

  • Crusting of ulcer occurs and it heals within one to two weeks.

  • Enlarged and tender lymph nodes  in the groin

  • Vaginal discharge

  • Pain during urination.

General symptoms:

  • Fever

  • Decrease appetite

  • Weakness

  • Muscle aches

 Tests and diagnosis

  • Viral culture of blister fluid from the rashes.

  • PCR from the blister fluid to detect the DNA of herpes

  • Tzanck test of skin lesion


  • There is no cure for the genital herpes

  • Antivirals are given to treat the symptoms. Antivirals like acyclovir, famciclovir, valacyclovir are given.

  • Oral antibiotics are given to prevent secondary infection.

  • The infected area should be kept clean and dry.

  • Avoid touching the sores. If you touch the sores wash your hands immediately

  • Avoid having sex until the sores/lesions are completely healed and covered by new skin.