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Dr. Andrew Rynne
Dr. Andrew Rynne

Family Physician

Exp 50 years

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Article Home Adult and Senior Health Thyroid surgery

Thyroid surgery

Thyroid operations are used for patients who have a variety of thyroid conditions, including both cancerous and benign (non-cancerous) thyroid nodules, large thyroid glands (goiters), and overactive thyroid glands.


There are various types of thyroid operations. They are:

  • Biopsy or lumpectomy: It involves removal of a small part of the thyroid gland.
  • Lobectomy: Involves removal of half of the thyroid gland
  • Subtotal thyroidectomy: In this thyroid gland is removed nearly all leaving a small amount of thyroid tissue on both sides
  • Near-total thyroidectomy: In this entire gland is removed except leaving about one gm or cm of thyroid tissue on one side

  • Total thyroidectomy, which removes the entire thyroid gland.

Indications for thyroid surgery

Complications of thyroid surgery

  • Bleeding
  • Airway obstruction
  • Permanent hoarse or weak voice
  • Hyperparathyroidism
  • Abnormally low levels of calcium in your blood (hypocalcaemia)
  • Injury to the laryngeal nerve