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Dr. Andrew Rynne
Dr. Andrew Rynne

Family Physician

Exp 50 years

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Article Home Women's Health Back pain in women

Back pain in women

Back pain in the women is the commonest symptom.

Back pain in the women is the commonest symptom.


  • Gynecological conditions like endometriosis, menstrual cramps, fibroid tumors and pregnancy.
  • Stress to the muscles, nerves or ligaments.
  • Structural abnormalities like disc bulging, sciatica, arthritis.
  • Osteoporosis.
  • Cancer of spine.
  • Maintaining poor posture while sitting, standing.
  • Prolonged standing, sitting.
  • Infection of spine.
  • Overweight.
  • Prolonged inactivity.

Risk factors

  • Smoking.
  • Obesity.
  • Older age.
  • Physically strenuous work.
  • Sedentary work.
  • Stressful job.
  • Anxiety.
  • Depression.


When to seek medical advice

  • Most back pain gradually improves with home treatments and self-care. You need to see a doctor if
  • The pain is constant or intense, severe, especially at night or when you lie down.
  • Spreads down one or both legs, especially if the pain extends below the knee.
  • If it causes weakness, numbness or tingling in one or both legs.
  • Causes new bowel or bladder symptoms.
  • Pain followed by a fall, injury or blow to the back.
  • If it is accompanied with excess of weight loss.


Tests and diagnosis

  • Medical history.
  • Physical examination.
  • Gynecological examination.
  • X-rays.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • Computerized tomography (CT).
  • Bone scan to detect osteoporosis.
  • Nerve studies like electromyography (EMG).



  • Medications: Non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs like diclofenac, ibuprofen. Muscle relaxants. Narcotics.
  • Anti-depressants.
  • Physical therapy and exercises.
  • Surgeries mainly for herniated disc.


  • Exercises: regular aerobic activities like walking, swimming.
  • Building muscle strength and flexibility: Abdominal and back muscle strengthening exercises.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Maintaining healthy weight.
  • Use of proper body mechanics while standing, sitting, lifting.


Alternative therapies