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Dr. Andrew Rynne
Dr. Andrew Rynne

Family Physician

Exp 50 years

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Article Home Diet and Fitness Diet for Diabetics

Diet for Diabetics

Diabetes is a condotion in which there is increased blood sugar levels due to decrease in insulin levels. The diet in diabetics should be high protein, high fiber, low fat and and low carbohydrate diet.

More of carbohydrate must be given as complex starches rather than simple sugars as they breakdown more slowly to release glucose in blood. The presence of fiber in complex carbohydrate like grains, vegetables and other starches slows the glucose absorption. One should emphasize more on the high fiber food instead of high fiber supplements available in the market.

It is way one consumes his calories and spends his calories by various means like exercises. To be more specific the doctor shall recommend a certain calorie diet per day and ask the dietician to prepare a menu for it.

All the diabetics should know the calorific values of the foods they consume and amount of calories they burn with various activities.

Food groups

High fiber food

Low fiber food


Whole cereals like whole wheat,

Dalia(porridge) , whole wheat flour

Refined cereals like rice,

bread, maida, suji(Rava),

noodles, macaroni, etc

Milk and milk products


Milk and milk products


Whole dhals and dhals with husk

Washed dhals

Meat, fish and poultry


Eggs, chicken, fish


Vegetables like peas,

beans, lotus stem etc.

Vegetables like potato,

 lauki(bottle guard)  etc.


Fruits like apple, cherries, pears,

peaches, plums, guava etc.

Fruit juices and fruits like

banana and papaya





Sample diet plan (for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus)

Meal Schedule 


Early morning

 Tea (preferably without sugar)



 Dalia (Broken Wheat) (salted) / Paneer (Indian Cheese) on toast
 Tea without sugar


 2 chapatti
 Channa curry / or any other whole dhal
 Beans sabzi / or any other sabzi (avoid potatoes)
 Curds / ghia raita


 Tea Salty biscuits


 Vegetable soup / tomato soup / chicken soup
 2 chapatti / missi roti (combining wheat flour with channa flour and  soya flour)
Palak paneer sabzi / paneer bhurji Curds

Sample diet plan (for Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus)



Early morning 

Tea (without sugar)


Corn flakes
 Boiled egg


Fruit chat


2 chapatti (add extra chapatti if required)
Lobia curry / or any other whole dal
Capsicum sabzi / karela / or any other sabzi
Curds / raita


Tea / milk Vegetable sandwich


2 chapatti
Dry dal
Cabbage sabzi / or any other sabzi

Bed time

Kheer / fruit custard

To remember :

  • It is important to control the amount and time of food intake.
  • Meals should not be missed.
  • Consider the likes and dislikes of the patient.
  • Try to substitute the craving for sweet by taking some fruit

Food to be avoided :

Glucose, sugar, honey, all sweets, chocolates and candies.


Food to be restricted :

Potatoes, yam, arbi, sweet potatoes, mangoes, grapes, bananas, alcoholic beverages, fried food, paranthas, poories, pakoras, mathris, deep fried food, dry fruits, salad oils, cakes and pastries.



Food to be taken at will :

Green, leafy vegetables, tomatoes, cucumber, radish, soups, buttermilk, tea and coffee without sugar.