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Dr. Andrew Rynne
Dr. Andrew Rynne

Family Physician

Exp 50 years

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Article Home Women's Health Heart disease in women

Heart disease in women

The women are more prone for heart diseases because the arteries in them are narrower than in men.

It is common myth that only men suffer from heart disease. But in truth the biggest health problem facing by women are heart diseases.

Risk factor of heart disease in women

  • Heart diseases are increased in Diabetes.
  • Menopause.
  • Smoking.
  • Physical inactivity.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Obesity.
  • Stress.
  • Women on oral contraceptives or hormone therapy more long time.

Symptoms of heart attack

  • Angina pain:

                       - Sudden discomfort or pain which is not relieved by rest.
                       - Pain may be in chest, neck, jaw, shoulder, back or arms.
                       - Pain like burning, squeezing, heaviness, tightness or pressure.

  • Chest pain on exertion and goes away by taking rest.
  • Difficulty in breathing.
  • Nausea, indigestion or vomiting.
  • Excessive sweating.
  • Chest pain radiation to left arm, neck, jaw or shoulder.
  • Sometimes it manifest as back pain.

Diagnosis of heart attack

  • Electrocardiogram.
  • Treadmill test or stress test.
  • Echocardiogram.
  • Angiogram.
  • Lipid profile.
  • Cardiac enzymes like Ckmb
  • Lifestyle changes to prevent heart attacks in women
  • Regular exercises like walking, jogging, swimming.
  • Involving in some sports.
  • Eating healthy and balanced diet.
  • Avoid oily, fatty foods.
  • Avoiding smoking and alcohol consumption.
  • Avoiding stress by practicing yoga and meditation.
  • Taking proper medications if you have high blood pressure, high cholesterol.
  • Regular medical check-ups.
  • Maintain ideal weight. If you are overweight lose excess weight.
  • Avoid stress.
  • Get enough sleep.

What to do if you have signs of heart attack

  • Immediately rush to the hospital. They may give you medications for pain and other supportive measures. Anti-thrombolytics are given to dissolve the clots. Pain killer s like morphine or pethidine are given for decreasing the pain. The drugs which will increase the circulation to the heart are given.
  • Sedatives can be given to decrease anxiety.
  • If there is block, angioplasty or bypass surgery may be suggested.