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Dr. Andrew Rynne
Dr. Andrew Rynne

Family Physician

Exp 50 years

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Article Home Diet and Fitness Diet therapy for Typhoid

Diet therapy for Typhoid

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Typhoid fever is an acute illness associated with fever caused by Salmonella Typhi bacteria, The symptoms are associated with typhoid fever are poor appetite, headaches, generalized aches and pains, fever and lethargy.

The main objectives of diet therapy are:

  • To maintain adequate nutrition.
  • To maintain water and electrolyte balance.
  • To provide enough proteins.

Dietary considerations:


In fevers the basal metabolic rate increases, so the caloric requirement needs to be increased. Restlessness also increases the energy expenditure. But initially, a patient may be able to consume only 600 – 1200 kcal/day, but this should be increased as rapidly as possible.


A high protein diet is advised. For an adult with typhoid, about 100gm or more of protein is prescribed. Protein intake should be increased with the use of foods such as milk and eggs.



A liberal intake of carbohydrates is suggested to meet the increased energy intake. The glycogen stores are replenished by a liberal intake of carbohydrates. Well cooked, easily digestible carbohydrates which are less sweet and readily absorbed by the blood stream are preferred.


In typhoid since there is injury to the digestive tract, all forms of irritants and harsh foods should be restricted from the diet. A low fiber diet is advised.

Fats: Fats are required mainly to increase the energy intake. If diarrhea is present, fats need to be restricted. Emulsified fats such as butter, cream and milk fat are easily digested.

Minerals: There is excessive loss of electrolytes like sodium, potassium and chloride due to increased sweating. Salty soups, broths, fruit juices and milk help compensate the loss.


Vitamins: Infection and fevers increase the requirement for vitamin A, B and C.
Fluids: In order to compensate for the losses through the sweat and also to ensure adequate volume of urine for excreting waste, a liberal intake of fluids is very essential. Daily about 2500-5000ml of fluid is necessary.


  • Small meals and frequent meals advised.
  • Sufficient intake of fluids and salt should be ensured.
  • Diet should be bland, low fiber, soft diet and easily digestible.