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Dr. Andrew Rynne
Dr. Andrew Rynne

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Exp 50 years

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Article Home Women's Health Emergency birth control methods

Emergency birth control methods

Emergency contraceptives are those which prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex or due to failure of a contraceptive method. They prevent ovulation or fertilization and also prevent implantation of the already fertilized ovum.

It is also called as morning after pill. It usually contains high dose of hormones like estrogens, progestin or both.

There are two types of emergency contraceptives:

These are

There are various emergency contraceptives, the common being used is Plan B

Plan B

This is emergency contraceptive, the first tablet should be taken with in 3 days of intercourse and the second tablet should be taken 12 hours later. It is effective in preventing pregnancy and is 99% effective if taken properly. It is more effective if it is taken immediately after unprotected sex. It is marketed in the name of i-pill.

Side effects of Plan B

Copper intrauterine contraceptive devices

It is another type of emergency contraceptives. It should be inserted with in five days of unprotected sex. It is also 99% effective. It can be removed after the next menstrual period or can be kept up to 10years depending on the type.

Mifeprostone: It can also be used. It is an anti-hormonal drug. It do not contain estrogen or progestins. It prevents implantation of the fertilized egg and also causes abortion of already implanted ovum.